F06 Chapter Contents
F06 Chapter Introduction
NAG Library Manual

# NAG Library Routine DocumentF06PRF (DSYR2)

Note:  before using this routine, please read the Users' Note for your implementation to check the interpretation of bold italicised terms and other implementation-dependent details.

## 1  Purpose

F06PRF (DSYR2) computes the rank-2 update of a real symmetric matrix.

## 2  Specification

 SUBROUTINE F06PRF ( UPLO, N, ALPHA, X, INCX, Y, INCY, A, LDA)
 INTEGER N, INCX, INCY, LDA REAL (KIND=nag_wp) ALPHA, X(*), Y(*), A(LDA,*) CHARACTER(1) UPLO
The routine may be called by its BLAS name dsyr2.

## 3  Description

F06PRF (DSYR2) performs the symmetric rank-2 update operation
 $A←αxyT + αyxT + A ,$
where $A$ is an $n$ by $n$ real symmetric matrix, $x$ and $y$ are $n$-element real vectors, and $\alpha$ is a real scalar.

None.

## 5  Parameters

1:     UPLO – CHARACTER(1)Input
On entry: specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of $A$ is stored.
${\mathbf{UPLO}}=\text{'U'}$
The upper triangular part of $A$ is stored.
${\mathbf{UPLO}}=\text{'L'}$
The lower triangular part of $A$ is stored.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{UPLO}}=\text{'U'}$ or $\text{'L'}$.
2:     N – INTEGERInput
On entry: $n$, the order of the matrix $A$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{N}}\ge 0$.
3:     ALPHA – REAL (KIND=nag_wp)Input
On entry: the scalar $\alpha$.
4:     X($*$) – REAL (KIND=nag_wp) arrayInput
Note: the dimension of the array X must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,1+\left({\mathbf{N}}-1\right)×\left|{\mathbf{INCX}}\right|\right)$.
On entry: the $n$-element vector $x$.
If ${\mathbf{INCX}}>0$, ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{X}}\left(1+\left(\mathit{i}-1\right)×{\mathbf{INCX}}\right)$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{N}}$.
If ${\mathbf{INCX}}<0$, ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{X}}\left(1-\left({\mathbf{N}}-\mathit{i}\right)×{\mathbf{INCX}}\right)$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{N}}$.
Intermediate elements of X are not referenced.
5:     INCX – INTEGERInput
On entry: the increment in the subscripts of X between successive elements of $x$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{INCX}}\ne 0$.
6:     Y($*$) – REAL (KIND=nag_wp) arrayInput
Note: the dimension of the array Y must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,1+\left({\mathbf{N}}-1\right)×\left|{\mathbf{INCY}}\right|\right)$.
On entry: the $n$-element vector $y$.
If ${\mathbf{INCY}}>0$, ${y}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{Y}}\left(1+\left(\mathit{i}-1\right)×{\mathbf{INCY}}\right)$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{N}}$.
If ${\mathbf{INCY}}<0$, ${y}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{Y}}\left(1-\left({\mathbf{N}}-\mathit{i}\right)×{\mathbf{INCY}}\right)$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{N}}$.
Intermediate elements of Y are not referenced.
7:     INCY – INTEGERInput
On entry: the increment in the subscripts of Y between successive elements of $y$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{INCY}}\ne 0$.
8:     A(LDA,$*$) – REAL (KIND=nag_wp) arrayInput/Output
Note: the second dimension of the array A must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{N}}\right)$.
On entry: the $n$ by $n$ symmetric matrix $A$.
• If ${\mathbf{UPLO}}=\text{'U'}$, the upper triangular part of $A$ must be stored and the elements of the array below the diagonal are not referenced.
• If ${\mathbf{UPLO}}=\text{'L'}$, the lower triangular part of $A$ must be stored and the elements of the array above the diagonal are not referenced.
On exit: the updated matrix $A$.
9:     LDA – INTEGERInput
On entry: the first dimension of the array A as declared in the (sub)program from which F06PRF (DSYR2) is called.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{LDA}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{N}}\right)$.

None.

Not applicable.