NAG Library Routine Document
G05KHF allows for the generation of multiple, independent, sequences of pseudorandom numbers using the leap-frog method.
||N, K, STATE(*), IFAIL
G05KHF adjusts a base generator to allow multiple, independent, sequences of pseudorandom numbers to be generated via the leap-frog method (see the G05 Chapter Introduction
If, prior to calling G05KHF the base generator defined by STATE
would produce random numbers
, then after calling G05KHF the generator will produce random numbers
One of the initialization routines G05KFF
(for a repeatable sequence if computed sequentially) or G05KGF
(for a non-repeatable sequence) must be called prior to the first call to G05KHF.
The leap-frog algorithm can be used in conjunction with the NAG basic generator, both the Wichmann–Hill I and Wichmann–Hill II generators, the Mersenne Twister and L'Ecuyer.
Knuth D E (1981) The Art of Computer Programming (Volume 2) (2nd Edition) Addison–Wesley
- 1: N – INTEGERInput
On entry: , the total number of sequences required.
- 2: K – INTEGERInput
On entry: , the number of the current sequence.
- 3: STATE() – INTEGER arrayCommunication Array
the actual argument supplied must be the array STATE
supplied to the initialization routines G05KFF
On entry: contains information on the selected base generator and its current state.
On exit: contains updated information on the state of the generator.
- 4: IFAIL – INTEGERInput/Output
must be set to
. If you are unfamiliar with this parameter you should refer to Section 3.3
in the Essential Introduction for details.
For environments where it might be inappropriate to halt program execution when an error is detected, the value
is recommended. If the output of error messages is undesirable, then the value
is recommended. Otherwise, if you are not familiar with this parameter, the recommended value is
. When the value is used it is essential to test the value of IFAIL on exit.
unless the routine detects an error or a warning has been flagged (see Section 6
6 Error Indicators and Warnings
If on entry
, explanatory error messages are output on the current error message unit (as defined by X04AAF
Errors or warnings detected by the routine:
|On entry,||STATE vector was not initialized or has been corrupted.|
On entry, cannot use the leap-frog method with the base generator defined by STATE
The leap-frog method tends to be less efficient than other methods of producing multiple, independent sequences. See the G05 Chapter Introduction
for alternative choices.
This example creates three independent sequences using G05KHF, after initialization by G05KFF
. Five variates from a uniform distribution are then generated from each sequence using G05SAF
9.1 Program Text
Program Text (g05khfe.f90)
9.2 Program Data
Program Data (g05khfe.d)
9.3 Program Results
Program Results (g05khfe.r)